Timeline

1829 Metropolitan Police Act – Robert Peel, Home Secretary forms Metropolitan Police
1830 Violent ‘Swing’ riots by farm workers in southern England seeking higher wages and the end to mechanisation – 9 executed, hundreds transported or imprisoned
1830 Selborne and Headley Workhouse riots.

William IV succeeds George IV as King

1832 Winchester City Police formed 
1835 Municipal Corporations Act – Boroughs to appoint Watch Committees
1836 Southampton, Portsmouth, Basingstoke, Andover & Lymington Borough Police forces formed

First Chief Constable of Southampton Police is John T Enright.

1836 Royal Commission to consider rural constabulary
1837 Newport Borough Police
1838 Coronation of Queen Victoria
1839 Captain Robert Elliott is appointed Superintendent in charge of Portsmouth Police
1839 Hampshire County Constabulary formed with Bournemouth & Isle of Wight under Chief Constable Captain George Robbins. There were 106 officers, comprising of 1 Chief Constable, 14 superintendents and 91 constables. This was a ratio of one officer to every 1,200 inhabitants or 4,000 acres. Pay was 18/- per week at a time when labourers were paid 8 – 9 shillings. Events leading up to the setting up of Hampshire Constabulary
1839 County Police Act
1842 The second Chief Constable of Hampshire is Captain William Charles Harris.
1845 Alton Police Station built with family accommodation for Superintendent and Sergeants. The only transport is the Superintendent’s horse and there were no telephones then.
1846 Andover Borough Police merge with Hampshire County Constabulary. Increase in establishment to 165 officers. Repeal of the Corn Laws promised cheaper food for all and an end to protectionism.
1847 First Police Headquarters built at West Hill, Romsey Road, Winchester.
1848 William Leggatt appointed as Superintendent in charge of Portsmouth Police
1851 Population of England stands at 16.9 million – half live in rural areas.
1856 The new Chief Constable of Hampshire is Captain John Henry Forrest.
1852 Lymington Borough force joins Hampshire.
1857 New Police Stations at Fordingbridge and Lyndhurst.
1858 New Police Stations opened at Droxford and Petersfield
1859 Thomas Walter Chase appointed as Chief Officer of Portsmouth Police
1860 Richard Barber appointed as Chief Officer of Portsmouth Police
1865 Romsey Borough Police merge with Hampshire.
1867 Alton, murder of Fanny Adams
1867 Last public hanging at Winchester
1868 Thomas Breary appointed as second Chief Constable of Southampton Police
1869 Ryde Borough Police until 1922. Last public hangings take place in Britain.
1869 Habitual Criminals Act. However persistent criminals start to give false names to thwart the Act. The search is on for a reliable identification system. This would result in fingerprinting becoming compulsory for all convicted persons in 1902.
1869 Philip Steven Clay appointed as third Chief Constable of Southampton Police
1872 Portsmouth: Albert Road Police Station Southsea opens. County constabulary manpower increased by 72 officers.
1874 CID established in Hampshire force
1875 James Jervis appointed as Chief Constable of Portsmouth Police
1880 Alfred William Cosser appointed as Chief Constable of Portsmouth Police
1882 Prevention of Crime Act suspends trial by jury. Irish extremist start campaign of terrorism
1887 Police officers allowed to vote in Parliamentary elections
1888 Local Government Act sets up county councils and Jack the Ripper stalks the streets of London’s East End.
1889 Basingstoke Borough Police merge with new, ‘Hampshire County Constabulary’
1890 Police Pensions Act – now pension after 25 years a right, previously it had been discretionary
1891 The new Chief Constable of Hampshire is Captain Peregrine Henry Thomas Fellowes
1890 Separate Isle of Wight County Constabulary formed with Newport Borough Police
1892 Portsmouth & Southampton now ‘County Borough Police’ forces.
William Berry appointed as Chief Constable of Southampton County Borough Police Force
1893 John Messier appointed as Chief Constable of Portsmouth County Borough Police Force
Chief Constable of Hampshire, Peregrine Fellowes, dies after being injured trying to stop a runaway horse
1893 Portsmouth: PC 66 Robert George Poore joins the Borough Police
1894 Pockets books with pencil attached introduced
1894 The new Chief Constable of Hampshire is Major St. Andrew Bruce Warde
1898 Arthur Prickett appointed as Chief Constable of Portsmouth County Borough Police Force
Court procedure has been changed. Previously an accused could not give evidence in their defence and so could not be cross-examined in court.
George Kemish, born Great Bridge, Romsey on 14 January 1855, married Emily Lomer 5 November 1877 at St Marys, Southampton. Joined Hampshire Constabulary at Winchester 4 December 1880. Examination book No. 446. Promoted to Sergeant 9 September 1895. Retired (ill health) 3 August 1902. Died Bentworth, Hampshire on 2 September 1910.
1901 Population dramatically increased to 30.8 million but only about 20% now live in rural areas. 10 year national census – results now on the web at the Public Record Office
1901 Queen Victoria dies and is succeeded by Edward VII
1902 The treadmill is abolished in prisons. Fingerprinting introduced
1904 Cosham and Farlington join Portsmouth Borough Police
1904 Southampton: New police station and court built in ‘mock tudor’ design, next to Bargate on west side – demolished in 1930 to make way for road around Bargate.
1907 Thomas Davies is appointed as Chief Constable of Portsmouth County Borough Police Force
William Edward Jones appointed Chief Constable of Southampton County Borough Police Force
1908 Winchester ‘Russian Gun’ or the’ Dumper’ riots
1910 Accession of King George V
1914 Andover Riots
1915 Outbreak of First World War.
1918 War ends – over 5 million men are now serving in British Army
1919 IRA founded
1919 Police Act allows for establishment of The Police Federation after a ‘police strike’
1920 Topliss murder at Andover
1920 Southampton: Borough force now police Bitterne, Sholing, Woolston
1922 Ryde Borough Police merge with Isle of Wight County Constabulary
1926 Portsmouth force now have ‘City Police’ status.
John Thomas McCormac appointed as Chief Constable of Southampton County Borough Police Force
1928 The new Chief Constable of Hampshire is Major Ernest Radcliffe Cockburn
1929 Hampshire – first police motor vehicle introduce, a BSA motorcycle combination
1931 First Highway Code and Road Traffic Act introduces third party insurance etc.
1936 George V dies and is succeeded by Edward VIII who abdicates within the year.

PC Goronwy Evans joins Portsmouth City Police and Fire Service

1937 Coronation of George VI
1939 Outbreak of Second World War.

Young police officers leave to join the armed services.

1940 Arthur Charles West is appointed as Chief Constable of Portsmouth City Police Force
Herbert Clifford Allen appointed Chief Constable of Southampton County Borough Police Force
1941 Portsmouth City Police Choir formed. Central Police Station bombed along with the Guildhall
1941 Frederick Thomas Tarry CB, CBE is appointed Chief Constable of Southampton County Borough Police. He was previously Chief Constable of Exeter
1942 Winchester City Police and Isle of Wight Constabulary amalgamate with Hampshire to form the Hampshire Joint Police Force until 1948. The new Chief Constable is Richard Dawnay Lemon
1947 Charles George Box is appointed as Chief Constable of Southampton County Borough Police Force
1948 Bournemouth Borough Police formed, separate from now – ‘Hampshire Constabulary’
1952 New name – Hampshire & Isle of Wight Constabulary.

UK population is about 50 million and there are 3 million cars on the roads.

1952 New Police Station opened at Lymington
1953 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II
1956 Death on duty of PC Jim Dolan at Weyhill
1958 William Newick Wilson is appointed Chief Constable of Portsmouth City Police Force
1960 Alfred Thomas Cullen is appointed as Chief Constable of Southampton County Borough Police Force.
1962 New Chief Constable of Hampshire Constabulary – Douglas Osmond
1964 Owen Flynn is appointed Chief Constable of Portsmouth City Police Force
New Havant Police Station opened
1965 December, 70 m.p.h. speed limit imposed on UK motorways as an experiment after a series of multiple accidents in fog (there weren’t many motorways then anyway). Previously there was no limit and there was a much publicized incident when a motor sports racing manufacturer started to test their car on the M1 reaching a top speed of 190 m.p.h.
1965 Abolition of Death Penalty – 3 yr. trial period begins. Introduction of teleprinters in police stations at about this time made the transmission of internal messages more efficient, instead of station officers writing them out by hand.
1965 The height of the Cold War and the government introduce Police Mobile Columns intended to go into devastated areas in the event of a nuclear attack.
1966 Southampton force now titled ‘City Police’
1966 Replacement Headquarters building opened at West Hill, Winchester. Old Winchester City police station at the Guildhall closes and moves to North Walls police station which had been temporarily occupied by Chief Constable and HQ staff. This was while old HQ was demolished at West Hill and new one built
1967 Hampshire Constabulary formed from the amalgamation of Hampshire, Southampton & Portsmouth Police forces on 1st April
1967 Introduction of the breathalyser – Powerful new drink drive law has been introduced allowing blood or urine samples to be used to determine amount of alcohol in drivers body instead of prosecution only being able to use evidence of driver’s physical condition to convict. The breathalyser was a disposable crystal filled glass tube that had to have the ends snapped off before a mouthpiece and a bag were fitted. Cheap device, no batteries but a fiddle to use. Change in colour of the crystals indicated excess alcohol.
1967 Also this year the fitting of seat belts to the front seats of passenger cars become compulsory but not the wearing, that didn’t come until 1983! Traffic cars had been fitted with simple diagonal belts before this. These early belts were not user friendly with no inertia reel device.
1970 Isle of Wight Pop Festival – when half a million fans attended a five day event at Afton Down and saw Jimi Hendrix’s last UK appearance. He died shortly afterwards.
1971 M3 opens
1972 IRA terrorist bomb detonated at the Para barracks at Aldershot – February 22
1972 Alton by-pass opens. Alton was one of the many traffic bottle-necks in Hampshire in the 1960’s, along with places like Petersfield, Emsworth, Southwick, Swaythling. Car ownership expanded rapidly during this decade and the old road network was not built to cope with this increase in traffic.
1974 Police National Computer operational. Major improvement in police efficiency as previously vehicle registration records were kept by County or County Borough Councils, requiring officers trying to trace car owners, to telephone individual councils where vehicle was registered to obtain owners details. Night time, in emergencies, police officers would have access to search the council records or had to call out an official.
1977 September, new Chief Constable is John Duke, CBE, QPM
1983 Wearing front seat belts in cars made compulsory – for a trial period
1984 Year long National Miners’ Strike saw dozens of Hampshire officers travelling (by coach or plane) to Nottinghamshire and other mining areas each week, for Public Order duties.
1984 Police and Criminal Evidence Act. This Act brought about the most far reaching changes to the way the modern Police Service goes about its daily duties. Previously, for instance, suspects were interviewed, charged and only when bailed or about to appear in court were they able to consult with a solicitor. The statutory right to have someone notified of your arrest became was introduced although this had been done for some time previously.
1987 The Great Storm of 15th October. Read a report about it and a night duty to remember at Southsea.
1988 September, new Chief Constable is Sir John Hoddinott CBE.
1990 This decade saw the first installation of a network of desktop computers in Hampshire police stations. That was the good news – the bad news was that it was a system called ‘Uniplex.’ In this same year the World Wide Web was born. In the same year the cover of the Spring edition of ‘Copperplate’ featured the ill-fated Optica-Scout police spotter plane flying over the Needles.
1991 The Census showed that the Resident Population of Hampshire on Census night was 1,541,547 an increase of (4.2 %) since the 1981 Census. 1.1 % of the increase was due to net in migration; the remainder resulted from the number of births exceeding deaths. The density of the population (i.e. number of people per hectare) was 4.1. Portsmouth City had the highest density (41.6) whilst the lowest density was in Winchester District (1.5). The provisional 1991 figure for England & Wales as a whole is 3.2 persons per hectare.
1996 Police Act 1996.
1999 Paul Kernaghan takes over as the Chief Constable of Hampshire
UK population is about 59 million.
2001 Death of former Chief Constable of Hampshire, Sir John Hoddinott CBE QPM MA FRSA, b 1944.
  From Frontline Issue 82 Sept 2001
 2001 The population of the United Kingdom on Census Day 2001 was 58,789,194. The population has grown by 17 per cent overall since
2001 December: The Hampshire Constabulary History Society publish a new book entitled, ‘Policing Hampshire and the Isle of Wight – A Photographic History’ now out of print.
2002 Uk population is nearly 60 million and there are 26 million cars on the roads.
2002 Uniform change – Sergeants and constables have now been issued with white shirts to replace the light blues ones that have been supplied since the 1960s
2004 August Death of former Chief Constable of Hampshire, Sir Richard Dawnay Lemon
2005 Introduction of the Freedom of Information Act. Changes in the organisation of the Regional Training School regime means that recruits no longer take part in PT, football, drill or end of course Passing Out Parade. All of which had been enjoyed for decades as a change from periods of study. In March 2005 the Constabulary will employ its first PCSOs (Police Community Support Officers).
2005 October: The best and worst performing police forces in England and Wales have been identified in government figures. The worst was Humberside, according to the Home Office criteria. South Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire and Cambridgeshire were in the bottom five. The best were West Mercia, Northumbria, Hampshire, Surrey and West Midlands. Forces were rated for investigating and cutting crime, providing help, resource use, promoting safety, local policing and community confidence in the police. Across 43 forces, there was an improvement in 56% of those rating categories, 39% were stable and 5% had deteriorated. Nine per cent of the ratings were poor, 40% fair, 44% good and 7% excellent.
2006 Sir Douglas OSMOND, Chief Constable Hampshire Constabulary 1962 – 1977, died on Thursday 20th April 2006
2008 New Chief Constable is Alex Marshall
2009 January Hampshire Constabulary has been named as the UK’s top gay-friendly police force. The Stonewall Workplace Equality Index 2009 has placed the force second nationally in the list of Britain’s top 100 employers for lesbian, gay and bisexual people. Banking giant Lloyds TSB topped the annual poll, which means Hampshire Constabulary is also the top public sector organisation.
2009 January – BBC TV News report: Hampshire Constabulary has announced it will axe 200 jobs – 100 of them police officer posts – by the end of the year. The cuts will be achieved by removing some officers from non-operational roles rather than from the frontline.
2013 February 7th – New Hampshire chief constable, Andy Marsh
2016 April 4th, new Chief Constable is Olivia Pinkney